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How to manage the top workforce-related risks facing businesses in 2022

HR and risk professionals must work together to tackle the top people-related risks.

As the pandemic persists, ESG gains traction, and businesses face new supply chain and talent threats, it is more critical than ever to manage people risks as part of a broader approach to enterprise risk management (ERM). HR, risk managers, and the C-suite should work closely together to ensure that threats are identified, evaluated, and mitigated appropriately.

The past few years have been tough on organizations, but important lessons have been learned. It is clearer than ever that business resilience is intrinsically linked to the health and well-being of the workforce.

Now, the test for firms is to take those learnings and make wholesale changes to how they operate, rather than revert to “business as usual”. Employees expect more from their organizations with a global economic crisis and the ongoing war for talent. 

The consequences of getting this wrong are significant, as evidenced by our People Risk Report 2022. We found that the greatest risks facing firms are cybersecurity and privacy, administration and fiduciary, and catastrophic personal life events.

Firms need to ask themselves: “Can we give people more security, flexibility, and better health while also facing up to the business challenges of lowering costs, navigating operational disruption, and increasing liquidity?”

The answer is yes, but only for those organizations that get the basics right and ensure they have strong ERM practices in place.

In addition, research conducted by Marsh in 2021 on risk information published within the annual reports and accounts by organizations listed on the FTSE100, Euronext, NYSE, and HKSE suggests there is a need for an increased focus on ESG risks in many organizations. Results point to a concentration across all exchanges on the environmental aspect of ESG evaluation and less attention to its social and governance facets. It is vital that companies’ strategies to mitigate ESG risks consider social and governance as well as environmental factors, to ensure their long-term value and resilience.

Building trust among employees and wider stakeholders, including customers, is an important part of the puzzle. Our wider research shows that employer responses during the pandemic impacted staff sentiment. In an era of heightened awareness of ESG issues, companies must work harder to earn the trust of employees, customers, investors, and regulators.

Five key global findings from the People Risk Report 2022

  1. The top people risk that faces businesses today are cybersecurity and data privacy. This is not surprising given the geopolitical landscape and data breaches at major organizations that occurred over the past year.
  2. The number two risk globally is administration and fiduciary. The inability to administer benefit and compensation plans accurately, fairly, and in accordance with promises made quite rightly has companies concerned. Errors and unmet obligations can lead to damaged reputations, along with regulatory action and penalties.
  3. Catastrophic personal life events are the third-ranked global risk, while the fourth is pandemics and other communicable health conditions. This highlights the need for employee support and other proactive strategies to navigate future crises, including those that stem from climate change, inflation/rising interest rates, pandemics, recession, or violent conflict. 
  4. Closing out the top five risks was the changing nature of work. The degree to which flexible working has evolved over the last two years merits examination and a resetting of practices per relevance. With the Great Resignation upon us, firms must tackle this emerging issue now to attract, retain, and engage employees in the future.
  5. We were surprised to see the lower risk rating scores (the product of the likelihood of the risk occurring in the next three years, and the severity) for work-related illness and injury, workforce exhaustion, mental health, leadership issues, and travel/mobility. These have caused pain points for organizations during the last three years, and while many have made significant strides toward managing these threats, firms should not become complacent and should prioritize continuous improvement. 

What firms can do

Organizational complexity is a high barrier for every pillar of people risk. As businesses continue to grow and threats are present across traditionally siloed work areas, organizations are struggling to define who is responsible for owning a particular mitigation effort, thus leading to gaps in adequately addressing looming risks.

HR and risk managers must therefore work together. Fortunately, the People Risk Report 2022 research shows a strong alignment between these groups when it comes to the top issues facing businesses. Now, organizations should capitalize on this alignment and continue to break down siloes to further enhance collaboration on risk identification and mitigation.

Difficulties that change personal behaviours are also identified as a key barrier. For this reason, it is critical to develop an ERM culture. Risk culture is built on a foundation of shared organizational values, attitudes, and behaviours, with visible and accountable leadership, backed up by shared responsibilities and actions by all members of staff. Risks present both threats and opportunities, so a multi-disciplinary, deliberate, and well-coordinated approach is needed to help develop effective measures that mitigate threats and take opportunities.

Our Age of Adaptability report indicates that 88% of HR teams have seen more involvement in benefits from the C-suite. Risk managers and HR teams therefore must take their disciplines to the next level.

This means developing more deliberate approaches to listening to employees, a tighter connection between benefits and business goals, and judicious cost management focused on value and multi-year benefit strategies. Some are tweaking values and cultures to promote human-centric leadership, justice, and purpose. With ESG on the rise, many organizations are looking to build a sustainable people culture, including delivering on total well-being. In this scenario, it will be more challenging to make cuts to benefits as many have done in the past, to keep benefit budgets affordable. Hence, cost management instead of cost-shifting to employees is needed; for example, steering employees through plan design to higher-quality points of care to reduce complications, or using virtual care when appropriate.

Good questions to ask

For HR or risk professionals just starting to acquaint themselves with the discipline of their respective HR or risk counterpart, here are some possible conversation topics to get started on identification opportunities.

  • How are employee, customer, investor, and regulator expectations around ESG impacting the business?
  • Is diversity, equity, and inclusion a blind spot for us? Are the needs of the diverse workforce reflected in the employee benefit programs?
  • Could mental health be more proactively managed, and what impact could this have on insurance needs in areas such as directors and officers coverage or key person risk?
  • How is the difficulty in attracting, retaining, and engaging talent impacting business operations, the customer experience, and profitability?
  • Are there opportunities to further strengthen the culture to aid employee retention and improve risk management practices?


All of the top ten risks identified by HR and risk managers globally can be mitigated by employee benefits and other support programs (or by how they are designed and delivered). Firms need to make sure that they have the right support in place and that they’re delivered appropriately. An ERM approach can be applied to all people risks to build organizational resilience and agility.

Enterprise risk management approach


Risk identification

Analyze and assess

Qualitative analysis

Respond and control

Treat, terminate, transfer, or tolerate

Monitor and review

Key risk indicators, key control indicators

Our People

David Stark

David Stark

Consulting Director & Practice Leader of Enterprise Risk Services

  • United Kingdom

Helena Zikova - Mercer Marsh Benefits. This image is licensed for Mercer Marsh Benefits internal and external communications. © Graham Trott 2022

Helena  Zikova

Sales Leader, Continental Europe, MMB